The atomic mass of uranium-238 has been determined to be 238.050787618(15)u, improving the literature uncertainty by two orders of magnitude. It is obtained from a measurement of the mass ratio of 238U47+ and 132Xe26+ ions with an uncertainty of 3.5×1012. The measurement was carried out with the Penning-trap mass spectrometer \textsc{Pentatrap} and was accompanied by a calculation of the binding energies EU and EXe of the 47 and 26 missing electrons of the two highly charged ions, respectively. These binding energies were determined using an \textit{ab initio} multiconfiguration Dirac-Hartree-Fock (MCDHF) method to be EU=39927(10)eV and EXe=8971.2(21)eV. The new mass value will serve as a reference for high-precision mass measurements in the heavy mass region of the nuclear chart up to transuranium nuclides.

K. Kromer, C. Lyu, J. Biero, M. Door, L. Enzmann, P. Filianin, G. Gaigalas, Z. Harman, J. Herkenhoff, W. Huang, C. H. Keitel, S. Eliseev, K. Blaum, „Atomic mass determination of uranium-238“, 28. Dez. 2023, arXiv:2312.17041 (2023).


Related to Project B01, B02