We study the dynamics of a three-mode bosonic system with mode-changing interactions. For large mode occupations the short-time dynamics is well described by classical mean-field equations allowing us to study chaotic dynamics in the classical system and its signatures in the corresponding quantum dynamics. By introducing a symmetry-breaking term we tune the classical dynamics from integrable to strongly chaotic, which we demonstrate by calculating Poincaré sections and Lyapunov exponents. The corresponding quantum system features level statistics that change from Poissonian in the integrable to Wigner-Dyson in the chaotic case. We investigate the behavior of out-of-time-ordered correlators (OTOCs), specifically the squared commutator, for initial states located in regular and chaotic regions of the classical mixed phase space and find marked differences between the two cases. The short-time behavior is well captured by semi-classical truncated Wigner simulations directly relating these features to properties of the underlying classical mean-field dynamics. We discuss a possible experimental realization of this model system in a Bose-Einstein condensate of rubidium atoms, which allows reversing the sign of the Hamiltonian required for measuring OTOCs.
M. Rautenberg and M. Gärttner, “Classical and quantum chaos in a three-mode bosonic system”,
Phys. Rev. A 101, 053604 (2020)
Related to Project A04