The strongly attractive Fermi gas in the BCS-BEC crossover is efficiently described in terms of coupled fermions and fermion pairs, or molecules. We compute the spectral functions of both fermions and pairs in the normal state near the superfluid transition using a Keldysh formulation in real frequency. The mutual influence between fermions and pairs is captured by solving the self-consistent Luttinger-Ward equations: These include both the damping of fermions by scattering off dressed pairs and the decay of pair states by dissociation into two dressed fermions. The pair spectra encode contact correlations between fermions and form the basis for computing dynamical response functions and transport properties.

T. Enss, „Particle and pair spectra for strongly correlated Fermi gases: A real-frequency solver“,
Phys. Rev. A 109, 023325 (2024).


Related to Project C03, C02