We realize a Laughlin state of two rapidly rotating fermionic atoms in an optical tweezer. By utilizing a single atom and spin resolved imaging technique, we sample the Laughlin wavefunction, thereby revealing its distinctive features, including a vortex distribution in the relative motion, correlations in the particles’ relative angle, and suppression of the inter-particle interactions. Our work lays the foundation for atom-by-atom assembly of fractional quantum Hall states in rotating atomic gases.

P. Lunt, P. Hill, J. Reiter, P. M. Preiss, M. Gałka, S. Jochim, „Realization of a Laughlin state
of two rapidly rotating fermions“, 22. Feb. 2024, arXiv:2402.14814 (2024).


Related to Project C01