We present a detailed analysis of the relaxation dynamics in an extended bosonic Josephson junction. We show that stochastic classical field simulations in three spatial dimensions reproduce the main experimental findings of M. Pigneur et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 120, 173601 (2018). We give an analytic solution describing the short time evolution through multimode dephasing. For longer times, the observed relaxation to a phase locked state is caused by nonlinear dynamics beyond the sine-Gordon model, persisting even at zero temperature. Finally, we analyze different experimentally relevant trapping geometries and their potential for analogue simulation of the sine-Gordon model out of equilibrium. Our results provide the basis for future experimental implementations aiming to study quantum effects of extended bosonic Josephson junctions.
J.-F. Mennemann, I. E. Mazets, M. Pigneur, H. P. Stimming, N. J. Mauser, J. Schmiedmayer, S. Erne, “Relaxation in an Extended Bosonic Josephson Junction”, Phys. Rev. Research 3, 023197 (2021).
Related to Project A03